Monday, May 25, 2020

Russian Words Food and Drink

Food and drink are a big part of the Russian culture, both for social reasons and for the sake of good health, which many Russians take very seriously. It is not uncommon to have several courses for lunch, which can include soup-based starters, main dishes, and desserts. Russian family life is also centered around mealtimes and many people have a proper cooked breakfast every morning. Russian celebration meals are usually true feasts, which is not surprising if you consider the variety of flavors that Russia has developed due to its geographical location and historical connections. For learners of Russian, getting the food and drink vocabulary down is essential if you want to be able to participate in Russian life. We have compiled a list of the most used words. Breakfast Foods Russian breakfast can be hot or cold and is usually a sandwich, fried eggs, or kasha—a type of porridge that can be made of oats, buckwheat, millet, semolina, or pearl barley, as well as other grains. Buckwheat porridge is a traditional Russian breakfast food. Xanya69 / Getty Images Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Example КÐ °Ã'ˆÐ ° porridge/gruel KAsha Ð ¯ Ð ½Ã µ Ð »Ã'ŽÐ ±Ã »Ã'Ž Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÃ'Æ' - I don't like porridge. Ð ±Ã'Æ'Ã'‚Ð µÃ'€Ð ±Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ´ sandwich bootyerBROT or bootrBROT БÃ'Æ'Ã'‚Ð µÃ'€Ð ±Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ´ Ã'  Ð ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã ±Ã °Ã' Ã ¾Ã ¹ - Salami sandwich. Ã' Ã ¸Ã'‡Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ð ° fried egg yaEEshnitsa or yaEEchnitsa or yeeEEshnitsa Ð ¢Ã µÃ ±Ã µ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã'€Ð ¸Ã'‚Ã'Å' Ã' Ã ¸Ã'‡Ð ½Ã ¸Ã'†Ã'Æ'? - Shall I make you some fried eggs? Ð ¾Ã ¼Ã »Ã µÃ'‚ omelet amLYET Ð ¯ Ð ±Ã'‹ Ã'…Ð ¾Ã'‚Ð µÃ »(Ð °) Ð ¾Ã ¼Ã »Ã µÃ'‚ Ã'  Ð ³Ã'€Ð ¸Ã ±Ã °Ã ¼Ã ¸ - I would like an omelet with mushrooms. Ð ¾Ã ²Ã' Ã' Ã ½Ã ºÃ ° oatmeal porridge avSYANka ПÐ ¾ Ã'Æ'Ã'‚Ã'€Ð °Ã ¼ Ã'  Ð µÃ ¼ Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã »Ã'Å'Ð ºÃ ¾ Ð ¾Ã ²Ã' Ã' Ã ½Ã ºÃ'Æ' - In the mornings/for breakfast I only eat porridge. Ð ¿Ã µÃ'€Ð »Ã ¾Ã ²Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÐ ° pearl barley porridge pirLOvaya KAsha ПÃ'€Ð ¸Ã ½Ã µÃ' Ã ¸Ã'‚Ð µ, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °, Ð ¿Ã µÃ'€Ð »Ã ¾Ã ²Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÃ'Æ' - Could I please have some pearl barley porridge. Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ºÃ ° semolina MANka ÐÅ"Ð ¾Ã ¹ Ã' Ã'‹Ð ½ Ð ½Ã µ Ð »Ã'ŽÐ ±Ã ¸Ã'‚ Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ºÃ'Æ' / Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ½Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÃ'Æ' - My son doesn't like semolina. Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÐ ° semolina porridge MAnnaya KAsha ÐÅ"Ð ¾Ã ¹ Ã' Ã'‹Ð ½ Ð ½Ã µ Ð »Ã'ŽÐ ±Ã ¸Ã'‚ Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ºÃ'Æ' / Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ½Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÃ'Æ' - My son doesn't like semolina. Ð ³Ã'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ºÃ ° buckwheat GRYECHka ГÃ'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ºÃ ° - Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã »Ã µÃ ·Ã ½Ã ¾ - Buckwheat is good for you. Ð ³Ã'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ½Ã µÃ ²Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÐ ° buckwheat porridge GRYECHnyvaya KAsha ДÐ °Ã ¹Ã'‚Ð µ, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã'€Ã'†Ð ¸Ã'Ž Ð ³Ã'€Ð µÃ'‡Ð ½Ã µÃ ²Ã ¾Ã ¹ Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÐ ¸ - Could you please bring/could I order one portion of buckwheat? Ð ¿Ã'ˆÃ'‘Ð ½Ã ºÃ ° millet PSHYONka ОÃ'‡Ð µÃ ½Ã'Å' Ð ²Ã ºÃ'Æ'Ã' Ã ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ¿Ã'ˆÃ'‘Ð ½Ã ºÃ ° - The millet is very tasty. Ð ¿Ã'ˆÃ'‘Ð ½Ã ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÐ ° millet porridge PSHYOnaya KAsha КÃ'Æ'Ð ¿Ã ¸ Ð ¿Ã'ˆÃ'‘Ð ½Ã ½Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž Ð ºÃ °Ã'ˆÃ'Æ' - (Could you) buy some millet? Ð ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã ±Ã °Ã' Ã ° sausage kalbaSSA КÐ °Ã ºÃ ¸Ã µ Ã'Æ' Ð ²Ã °Ã'  Ã' Ã ¾Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ° Ð ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã ±Ã °Ã' Ã'‹? - What types of sausage do you have? Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€ cheese syrr Ð ¯ Ð ¾Ã'‡Ð µÃ ½Ã'Å' Ð »Ã'ŽÐ ±Ã »Ã'Ž Ã'„Ã'€Ð °Ã ½Ã'†Ã'Æ'Ð ·Ã' Ã ºÃ ¸Ã ¹ Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€ - I love French cheese. Ð ¶Ã °Ã'€Ð µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° potato fries ZHArynaya karTOSHka Ð Ã ° Ð ·Ã °Ã ²Ã'‚Ã'€Ð °Ã º Ã'  Ã'…Ð ¾Ã'‡Ã'Æ' Ð ¶Ã °Ã'€Ð µÃ ½Ã ¾Ã ¹ Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ¸ - I want some potato fries. Ð ³Ã'€Ð µÃ ½Ã ºÃ ¸ toast/French toast GRYENki ГÃ'€Ð µÃ ½Ã ºÃ ¸ Ã'  Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ¼ - French toast with cheese. Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ¸ curd cheese cakes (fried) SYRRniki Ð ¯ Ð ·Ã °Ã ºÃ °Ã ¶Ã'Æ' Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€Ð ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ¸ - I will order some cheese buns. Ð ±Ã'Æ'Ð »Ã ºÃ ° / Ð ±Ã'Æ'Ð »Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ºÃ ° bun BOOLka / BOOlachka БÃ'Æ'Ð »Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ºÃ ° Ã'  Ð ¼Ã °Ã' Ã »Ã ¾Ã ¼ - A bun with some butter. Ð ºÃ'€Ã'Æ'Ð °Ã' Ã' Ã °Ã ½ croissant kroo-asSAN ДÐ °Ã ¹Ã'‚Ð µ, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °, Ð ºÃ'€Ã'Æ'Ð °Ã' Ã' Ã °Ã ½ - May I have a croissant, please? Ã' Ã »Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ½Ã ¾Ã µ Ð ¼Ã °Ã' Ã »Ã ¾ butter SLEEvachnaye MASla ÐÅ"Ð ½Ã µ Ð ½Ã'Æ'Ð ¶Ã ½Ã ¾ Ã' Ã »Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ½Ã ¾Ã µ Ð ¼Ã °Ã' Ã »Ã ¾ - I need some butter. Ã'‚Ð ²Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ³ curd cheese tvaROG Ð ¢Ã ²Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ³ Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã »Ã µÃ ·Ã µÃ ½ Ð ´Ã »Ã'  Ð ·Ã ´Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ²Ã'Å'Ã'  - Curd cheese is good for your health. Ã' Ã ¼Ã µÃ'‚Ð °Ã ½Ã ° sour cream smeTAna Ð Ã µÃ ¼Ã ½Ã ¾Ã ³Ã ¾ Ã' Ã ¼Ã µÃ'‚Ð °Ã ½Ã'‹ - A little sour cream. Ð ´Ã ¶Ã µÃ ¼ jam dzhem БÃ'Æ'Ð »Ã ºÃ ° Ã'  Ð ´Ã ¶Ã µÃ ¼Ã ¾Ã ¼ - A bun with some jam. Ã'„Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ð ºÃ'‚Ã'‹ fruit FRUKty Ð ¤Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ð ºÃ'‚Ã'‹ Ð ½Ã ° Ð ´Ã µÃ' Ã' Ã µÃ'€Ã'‚ - Some fruit for dessert. Ð ²Ã °Ã'‚Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° curd cheese bun vatROOSHka Ð’Ð ºÃ'Æ'Ã' Ã ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ²Ã °Ã'‚Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° - A delicious bun. Ã'…Ð »Ã µÃ ± bread khleb ПÐ µÃ'€Ð µÃ ´Ã °Ã ¹Ã'‚Ð µ, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °, Ã'…Ð »Ã µÃ ± - Please could you pass the bread. Ã' Ã'Æ'Ã'…Ð ¾Ã'„Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ð ºÃ'‚Ã'‹ dried fruit soohaFRUKty Ð ¡Ã'Æ'Ã'…Ð ¾Ã'„Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ð ºÃ'‚Ã'‹ Ã'  Ð ¹Ã ¾Ã ³Ã'Æ'Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã ¼ - Dried fruit with some yogurt. Ð ¸Ã ·Ã'ŽÐ ¼ raisins eeZYUM БÃ'Æ'Ð »Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ºÃ ° Ã'  Ð ¸Ã ·Ã'ŽÐ ¼Ã ¾Ã ¼ - A bun with raisins. Ð ºÃ ¸Ã'ˆÐ ¼Ã ¸Ã'ˆ sultanas kishMISH Ð’Ð ºÃ'Æ'Ã' Ã ½Ã'‹Ð ¹ Ð ºÃ ¸Ã'ˆÐ ¼Ã ¸Ã'ˆ - Tasty sultanas. Ð ²Ã µÃ'‚Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã ½Ã ° ham vyetchiNA Ð’Ð µÃ'‚Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã ½Ã ° Ð ¸ Ã' Ã'‹Ã'€ - Ham and cheese. Ð ³Ã »Ã °Ã ·Ã'Æ'Ð ½Ã'Å'Ã'  fried egg (sunny side up) glaZOOnya Ð ¯ Ð ±Ã'Æ'Ð ´Ã'Æ' Ð ³Ã »Ã °Ã ·Ã'Æ'Ð ½Ã'Å'Ã'Ž - I will have a fried egg sunny side up. Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ³Ã °Ã »Ã ¸Ã º kifli raGAlik Ð ¡Ã »Ã °Ã ´Ã ºÃ ¸Ã ¹ Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ³Ã °Ã »Ã ¸Ã º - A sweet kifli. Vegetables Russians eat a lot of pickled vegetables, a tradition that was born out of necessity from living in a cold climate where fresh vegetables were not available for months at a time. Plate of pickled vegetables.    Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ð ºÃ °Ã ¿Ã'Æ'Ã' Ã'‚Ð ° cabbage kaPUSta Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° potato/potatoes karTOSHka Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'„Ð µÃ »Ã'Å' potatoes karTOfyel' Ð ¼Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ºÃ ¾Ã ²Ã ºÃ ° carrot/carrots marKOVka Ð ¼Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ºÃ ¾Ã ²Ã'Å' carrot/carrots marKOF' Ð ±Ã ¾Ã »Ã ³Ã °Ã'€Ã' Ã ºÃ ¸Ã ¹ Ð ¿Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ'† / Ã' Ã »Ã °Ã ´Ã ºÃ ¸Ã ¹ Ð ¿Ã µÃ'€Ð µÃ'† bell pepper/sweet pepper balGARSky PYEryets / SLADki PYEryets Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã ¸Ã' Ã ºÃ ° radish ryDYSka Ã'€Ð µÃ ´Ã ¸Ã'  radish ryDIS Ð »Ã'Æ'Ð º onion look Ã'‡Ð µÃ' Ã ½Ã ¾Ã º garlic chesNOK Ã' Ã ¿Ã °Ã'€Ð ¶Ã ° asparagus SPARzha Ð ºÃ ²Ã °Ã'ˆÐ µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã ¿Ã'Æ'Ã' Ã'‚Ð ° saurkraut KVAshenaya kaPUSta Ã'†Ð ²Ã µÃ'‚Ð ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã ¿Ã'Æ'Ã' Ã'‚Ð ° cauliflower tsvetNAya kaPUSta Ð ³Ã'€Ð ¸Ã ±Ã'‹ mushrooms griBY Ð °Ã ²Ã ¾Ã ºÃ °Ã ´Ã ¾ avocado avaCAda Ð ¾Ã ³Ã'Æ'Ã'€Ð µÃ'† cucumber agooRETS Example: КÐ ²Ã °Ã'ˆÐ µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã ¿Ã'Æ'Ã' Ã'‚Ð °.Pronunciation: KVAshenaya kaPOOSta.Translation: Saurkraut. Example: Ð ¡Ã ¾Ã »Ã'‘Ð ½Ã'‹Ð ¹ Ð ¾Ã ³Ã'Æ'Ã'€Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã º.Pronunciation: SaLYOny aGOORchik.Translation: Gherkin. Fruit Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ã' Ã ±Ã »Ã ¾Ã ºÃ ¾/Ã' Ã ±Ã »Ã ¾Ã ºÃ ¸ apple/apples YABlakuh/YAblaki Ð ³Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ °/Ð ³Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ ¸ pear/pears GRUsha/GRUshi Ð ºÃ »Ã'Æ'Ð ±Ã ½Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ° strawberry/strawberries kloobNIka Ð ¼Ã °Ã »Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° raspberry/raspberries maLEEna Ð ²Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ¾Ã ³Ã'€Ð °Ã ´ grapes veenaGRAD Ð °Ã ¿Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ã' Ã ¸Ã ½ orange/oranges apyl'SEEN Ð ³Ã'€Ð µÃ ¹Ã ¿Ã'„Ã'€Ã'Æ'Ã'‚ grapefruit grape-FRUT Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ´Ã °Ã'€Ð ¸Ã ½ mandarin mandaREEN Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ½Ã °Ã'  Ã' Ã ¼Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ´Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° blackcurrant CHYORnaya smaROdina Ð °Ã'€Ð ±Ã'Æ'Ð · watermelon arBOOZ Ð ´Ã'‹Ð ½Ã'  melon DYnya Ð ±Ã °Ã ½Ã °Ã ½ banana banana Ð ¼Ã °Ã ½Ã ³Ã ¾ mango MANguh Ð ºÃ ¸Ã ²Ã ¸ kiwi KEEvi Ð ¸Ã ·Ã'ŽÐ ¼ raisins eeZYUM Ð ºÃ'Æ'Ã'€Ð °Ã ³Ã ° dried apricots kuraGAH Ã'‡Ð µÃ'€Ð ½Ã ¾Ã' Ã »Ã ¸Ã ² prunes chyrnuhSLEEV Ã' Ã »Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ° plums SLEEva Ð °Ã »Ã'‹Ã'‡Ð ° cherry-plum alyCHAH Ð µÃ ¶Ã µÃ ²Ã ¸Ã ºÃ ° blackberry yezhyVEEka Meat and Fish Meat and fish are an important part of the traditional Russian diet. For example, pickled herring is served at any celebratory or important meal. Meat and fish are often fried. Russian meal of pickled herring and vodka. lenakorzh / Getty Images Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ð ºÃ'Æ'Ã'€Ð ¸Ã'†Ð ° chicken KOOritsa Ð ³Ã ¾Ã ²Ã' Ã ´Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° beef gaVYAdina Ã' Ã ²Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° pork sviNEEna Ð ±Ã °Ã'€Ð °Ã ½Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ° lamb baRAnina Ã' Ã'‘Ð ¼Ã ³Ã ° salmon SYOMga Ã'‚Ã'€Ð µÃ' Ã ºÃ ° cod trysKA Ã'‰Ã'Æ'Ð ºÃ ° pike SHOOkah Ã'„Ð ¾Ã'€Ð µÃ »Ã'Å' trout faREL' Ã' Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ð ´Ã'Å'/Ã' Ã µÃ »Ã'‘Ð ´Ã ºÃ ° herring SYEL'd'/syLYODka Ã' Ã'Æ'Ã'ˆÐ µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ã'€Ã'‹Ð ±Ã ° dried fish suSHYOnaya RYba Ð ºÃ'€Ð µÃ ²Ã µÃ'‚Ð ºÃ ¸ prawns kryVYETki Ð ºÃ'€Ð °Ã ± crab KRAB Ã'Æ'Ã' Ã'‚Ã'€Ð ¸Ã'†Ã'‹ oysters OOStritsy Main Dishes The most popular main dishes are various soups, cutlets, and fried potatoes, as well as pasta and rice dishes. Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ¿ soup SOOP Ð ºÃ'Æ'Ã'€Ð ¸Ã ½Ã'‹Ð ¹ Ã' Ã'Æ'Ð ¿ chicken soup kuREEny SOOP Ð ±Ã ¾Ã'€Ã'‰ borscht BORsh Ã'‰Ð ¸ soup ("Shi") SHEE Ð ¾Ã ºÃ'€Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° okroshka uh-kROSHka Ð ¾Ã'‚Ð ±Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ½Ã °Ã'  steak atbivNAya Ð ºÃ ¾Ã'‚Ð »Ã µÃ'‚Ã'‹ cutlets/croquettes kutLYEty Ð ¼Ã °Ã ºÃ °Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ½Ã'‹ pasta/macaroni makaROny Ð »Ã °Ã ¿Ã'ˆÐ ° noodles lapSHA Ð ¿Ã »Ã ¾Ã ² plov/pilaf PLOV Ã'€Ð ¸Ã'  rice REES Ð ¶Ã °Ã'€Ð µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° fried potato/fries ZHArynaya karTOSHka Ð ¶Ã °Ã'€Ð µÃ ½Ã °Ã'  Ð ºÃ °Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'ˆÐ ºÃ ° roast zharKOye Example: ПÃ'€Ð ¸Ã ½Ã µÃ' Ã ¸Ã'‚Ð µ, Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °, Ð ¾Ã'‚Ð ±Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ½Ã'Æ'Ã'Ž.Pronunciation: PrinySEEtye, paZHalusta, atbivNUyu.Translation: I will have the steak, please. Example: Ð Ã ° Ð ¾Ã ±Ã µÃ ´ Ð ¼Ã °Ã ºÃ °Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ½Ã'‹ Ð ¿Ã ¾-Ã'„Ð »Ã ¾Ã'‚Ã' Ã ºÃ ¸.Pronunciation: Na aBYED makaROny pa-FLOTsky.Translation: Lunch is beefaroni. Desserts Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ð ¼Ã ¾Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ¶Ã µÃ ½Ã ½Ã ¾Ã µ ice cream moRozhenoye Ð ¿Ã ¸Ã'€Ð ¾Ã ¶Ã ½Ã ¾Ã µ cake/pastry peeROZHnoye Ð ¿Ã µÃ'‡Ð µÃ ½Ã'Å'Ð µ biscuits pyeCHEnye Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ã'‚ cake TORT Ã'ˆÐ ¾Ã ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã °Ã ´ chocolate shuhkuhLAD Ð ·Ã µÃ'„Ð ¸Ã'€ marshmallow zyFEER Example: Ðâ€"Ð µÃ'„Ð ¸Ã'€ Ð ² Ã'ˆÐ ¾Ã ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã °Ã ´Ã µ.Pronunciation: zyFEER fshukuLAdye.Translation: Chocolate-covered marshmallow. Example: Ð ¯ Ð ·Ã °Ã ºÃ °Ã ·Ã °Ã »Ã ° Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'€Ã'‚.Pronunciation: Ya zakaZAla TORT.Translation: I ordered a cake. Drinks Russian Word Translation Pronunciation Ã'‡Ð °Ã ¹ tea chay Ð ºÃ ¾Ã'„Ð µ coffee KOfye Ð ³Ã ¾Ã'€Ã' Ã'‡Ð ¸Ã ¹ Ã'ˆÐ ¾Ã ºÃ ¾Ã »Ã °Ã ´ hot chocolate gaRYAchy shuhkuhLAD Ð ºÃ °Ã ºÃ °Ã ¾ cacao kaKAOH Ð ²Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ¾ wine veeNOH Ð ¿Ã ¸Ã ²Ã ¾ beer PEEvuh Ã' Ã ¿Ã ¸Ã'€Ã'‚Ð ½Ã'‹Ð µ Ð ½Ã °Ã ¿Ã ¸Ã'‚Ð ºÃ ¸ alcoholic drinks spirtNYye naPEETki Ð ºÃ ²Ã °Ã'  kvas KVAS Ð ºÃ µÃ'„Ð ¸Ã'€ kefir kyFEER Ã' Ã ¾Ã º juice SOK Ð °Ã ¿Ã µÃ »Ã'Å'Ã' Ã ¸Ã ½Ã ¾Ã ²Ã'‹Ð ¹ Ã' Ã ¾Ã º orange juice apyl'SEEnahvy SOK Ã' Ã ±Ã »Ã ¾Ã'‡Ð ½Ã'‹Ð ¹ Ã' Ã ¾Ã º apple juice YABlachny SOK Ð ²Ã ¾Ã ´Ã ºÃ ° vodka VODka Example: КÐ ¾Ã'„Ð µ Ð ¿Ã ¾-Ð ²Ã ¾Ã' Ã'‚Ð ¾Ã'‡Ð ½Ã ¾Ã ¼Ã'Æ', Ð ¿Ã ¾Ã ¶Ã °Ã »Ã'Æ'Ð ¹Ã' Ã'‚Ð °.Pronunciation: KOfye pa-vasTOChnamoo, paZHAlusta.Translation: Turkish coffee, please.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

A Foreign Language Course Beneficial For Ucsc Students

A Foreign Language Course: Beneficial for UCSC Students Most college-bound students in the United States require a foreign language study for a minimum of two years during high school in order to satisfy the A-G requirements which colleges glances over in college application so they can verify that the student’s subjects are academically challenging [6]. I ask, why does college require students a foreign language class to begin with, if once students arrive to college, university drop the foreign language studies rendering study as an elective class. I argue that there must be a compelling reason for colleges to require students to take such classes before entering university. At the moment University of California, Santa Cruz requires†¦show more content†¦The irony is this campus prides themselves on being an inclusive community, yet I beg to differ from student’s interaction over time. Therefore, I propose that a new foreign language opens paths such as increasing students’ social lives beyond representation. Angela M. Locks, Sylvia Hurtado, Nicholas A. Bowman, and Leticia Oseguera states [5], â€Å"the outcomes of participating in programs like intergroup relations and taking courses related to diversity†¦ students of color and White students will be more likely to have positive interactions with diverse peers.† Basically, Locks is saying that students devoting themselves to classes that not only represent them, yet make them think differently is ideal for cultural awareness. I am convinced students can socialize outside the classrooms, their ethnic groups, and colleges. I trust a foreign language course will ensure that students learn culture and language creating a comfortable environment for their peers. Students can meet new people such as international students and help with their transition to this country while learning about internation al students’ experience. Some students on our campus are already bilingual, so increasing the quantity of language would result in a diverse campus where an accepting awaits. Students social development leads to effective communication with people on campus, offShow MoreRelatedA Foreign Language Course : Beneficial For College Students1522 Words   |  7 PagesA Foreign Language Course: Beneficial for College Students â€Å"Every college-bound student had studied a foreign language in high school (98%)† (Price and Gascoigne 2005), since students are required to satisfy the A-G requirements so colleges can verify that the student’s subjects are academically challenging. Colleges recommend three years of the same foreign language, but a minimum of two years is sufficient. I argue that there must be a compelling reason for high schools to require students to take

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Ford Motor Company A Long Term Rating - 1032 Words

The Ford Motor Company was founded in 1903 by Henry Ford and it is currently located in Dearborn, Michigan. Ford is in the auto making industry producing affordable cars under the brand of Ford, and luxury cars under the brand of Lincoln. Ford has a long term rating of Baa3 by Moody’s, meaning that it barely met the standard of being an investment grade and is subject to moderate credit risk. Almost all the Ford Bonds in Pimco’s portfolio have the time to maturity and duration. HBOS plc provides banking and financial services. HBOS plc operates under Lloyd’s Banking Group.HBOS plc credit rating in the long term ranged from A1 (Moody’s) to AA (low) at DBRS. In the short term HBOS plc credit rating was P-2 from Moody’s, F1 from Fitch, A-2 from Standard and Poor’s, and R-1 (middle) at DBRS. The time to maturity is slightly higher at 3.68 in comparison to the duration of 3.61 for this bond. This transaction would require no approval as it is relatively small. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Challenging and Competitive Business Era

Question: Discuss about the Challenging and Competitive Business Era. Answer: Introduction For this research paper, I would like to select Toowoomba chamber of commerce as a research organization. In this paper, I will design a marking audit for the selected organization. It is because of a marketing audit is very essential for the success and growth of the business organization. The marketing audit also plays a significant role in order to accomplish the competitive advantages in an effective and a more comprehensive manner. This research paper would be beneficial in order to provide an overall overview of the organization. Along with this, this paper would also be helpful to evaluate the business environment of the firm. Furthermore, this paper would also be valuable to conduct SWOT analysis, TOWS analysis and PESTLE analysis in order to examine the internal as well as external business environment of the firm in an effective and a more comprehensive manner. In addition to this, this paper would also be beneficial in order to conduct target market, customer, competitor, and stakeholders analysis to accomplish the business goals and objectives in an effective and a significant manner. Finally, this paper would also be advantageous to provide recommendations that the firm must implement for the success and growth of the business in todays more complicated business environment. Section 1: Organizational Overview Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce (TCC) is known as the largest regional chamber of Australia. Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce (TCC) started to operate its business in 1899. The Chamber plays a significant role in order to protect business interests and to present a secure future to the community (Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce. 2016). Along with this, it is connected with the commercial as well as cultural development of the Toowoomba. In past years, TCC has played a critical role in numerous initiatives such as: the Heritage Bank Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce (HBTCC), Carnival of Flowers (CF), Business Excellence Awards, Toowoomba Business Excellence Awards (TBEA) and so on. These initiatives have contributed into the growth of the economy of city. In current, it provides top quality information services and also offers superior business networking opportunities to the people or members. Moreover, at present, a wide range of committee of TCC works across the different region of Australia. The vision, mission, and brand value of TCC is as below: Vision: The vision of TCC is to maintain sustainable economic growth within the Toowoomba area in a proper way (Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce. 2016). Mission: The mission of the TCC is to promote businesses all the way through provide training and also improve their knowledge in an appropriate way. Moreover, the mission of TCC is to deal with members effectively in order to overcome present as well as future challenges in a significant manner. Brand Value: The TCC administers the wealth protection team in order to improve wealth of the corporation in an effective way (Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce. 2016). Moreover, the TCC also focuses on rebranding as well as prelaunch of the business. TCC develops its brand value in the Toowoomba area all the way through providing the premier advocate as well as networking services in the area. Section 2: Environmental Scan An environment scanning plays a significant role in order to recognize the macro and micro environmental factors related to business that may have an effect on the performance of the business. In other words, it consists of both internal and external analysis of the business firm. Along with this, TCC conducts environmental scan to assess the current situation and aptitude of the business that is essential in order to survive todays more complex business environment (Nwankwo and Gbadamosi, 2011). Moreover, TCC conducts SWOT, TWOS, and P PESTEL analysis in order to appraise the macro as well as micro environmental factors in an effective way. SWOT Analysis: SWOT analysis points out the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the business. SWOT also plays a significant role in order to provide valuable information and data for the success of the organizations. Moreover, strengths weakness points toward the internal environment and opportunities threats stands for the external environment of the business (Chernev, 2010). Along with this, with the help of SWOT analysis, business firms can make out positive as well as negative aspects of business in an appropriate way. TCC also conducts SWOT analysis to evaluate its current condition and situation properly. The SWOT analysis of TCC is as below: Strengths: The major strength of TCC is that it improves the quality of life within the area in order to develop and maintain business communities in an effective way. Along with this, business communities also play a vital role to offer products and services for the people. TCC also allows people to get pleasure from marvelous quality of life (Malhotra, 2011). Moreover, the other strength of TCC is its motivational factor. For case, it provides reward to the organizations those perform best in their field. Weaknesses: The major weakness of the TCC is programs, policies, and strategies adopted by the firm. It is because of its policies increases the cost of the firm and also decreases the revenues of the TCC. In addition to this, the other weakness of TCC is that it totally depends on other sponsors for instance the Heritage Bank for finances in order to run other business activities or programs (Aaker, 2010). Opportunities: TCC has an opportunity to enter in the new market in the area of Toowoomba. TCC requires enter in the other segments such as: Live Strong Life Insurance and so on in order to endorse its business in these segments for economy growth. Along with this, TCC also has loads of opportunities in the field of advanced technology, research development and infrastructure (Paley, 2009). Moreover, by providing the most modern technologies and superior infrastructure, TCC would be able to improve its network and business area in the Toowoomba region. Threats: Economic as well as employment uncertainties are the major threats in front of TCC that may influence the overall network and business communities of the firm in a negative way. Moreover, the lack of funds is also other threat that TCC may face in future time period (Cant, 2009). In this way, it can be assumed that, these are the major strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the TCC. TOWS Analysis: TOWS analysis is also famous as TOWS matrix. TOWS analysis is similar to SWOT analysis. The major difference is that in the TOWS analysis, business firms examine threats and opportunities. After that, business firms focus on the weakness and strengths of the business (Loudon, 2011). Along with this, the TOWS matrix of the TCC is as below: Threats: 1. Lack of collaboration with business association 2. Changing political environment of Australia (Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce. 2016). Opportunities: 1. New segments to enter 2. Large number of members all the way through joint venture 3. Confiscate barrier Weaknesses: 1. Continuous changes in the political environment of the nation 2. New board member Strengths: 1. High brand value 2. Long term sustainability (Mullins, 2009). 3. Proficient in business development policy PESTLE Analysis: PESTLE analysis that is also recognized as PEST analysis is a sign of the political, economical, social, and technological factors that influence the performance of the TCC. Moreover, PESTLE analysis is also well-known as macro-environment situation analysis. PESTLE analysis involves the external factors of the business (Bates, 2009). In addition to this, these factors provide support to the TCC in order to maintain its position in the area. The PESTLE analysis is give as below: Political: Political factors consist of political rules regulations, government stability, tax policies, trade restrictions, labor law, and so on. The political factors are favorable for the TCC. It is because of the government of the less is stable that provide support to the business; so it can run its operations within the region in an effective and a more comprehensive way. Along with this, the political factors point toward positive signs to TCC in order to accomplish success and growth in the area (Palmer, 2012). Moreover, TCC also follows all government policies, rules and regulations of the Australia to accomplish its goals and objectives in a pre-determined time period. Economical: Economic factors take in economic growth, exchange rates, interest rates, and so on that have an effect on operations as well as decisions of the business. The growth of TCC totally depends on the economic trends such as: GDP, employment rate, and consumption level of the nation. The economic trends are favorable to TCC. It is because of economic trends increased employment rate of the nation in previous years (Brei, Vieira, and Matos, 2014). Along with this, it should also be noted down that, Heritage Bank is the biggest mutual bank of the Australia that is sponsor of TCC and also plays a major role in order to maintain its business activities and programs in the Toowoomba area. Social: Social factors consist of the cultural aspects, demographics, population growth rate, traditions, age group, and so on that also have effect on the overall performance of the business. The social aspects of the nation provide support to the activities and initiatives of TCC. The main reason behind it is that Australia is famous for the social dynamic in its different areas (Krstic, and Popovic, 2012). As a result, it has great impact on the organizational process of TCC. Moreover, the labour of nation is highly skilled and this also has a positive impact on the performance of TCC. For that reason, the social factors are favorable for the TCC. Technological: The adoption of advanced technology is also essential to each and every organization in order to maintain their position in the market. Along with this, the changes and innovation in the technologies may create difficulties for the business firms. TCC adopts and implements advanced technologies in its business process in order to provide high quality services to the customers of Toowoomba region (Choudrie, and Middleton, 2013). In addition to this, TCC also uses advanced technology to deliver business oriented services, to condense the cost and to improve the quality of services in an effective and an appropriate manner. In this way, PEST analysis points toward the external factors that may create risks to the business. Section 3: Customer, Competitor and Stakeholders Analysis The target market analysis, customer analysis, competitor analysis, and Stakeholder analysis of Toowoomba chamber of commerce is given as below: Target Market Analysis: TCC is one of the most famous advocacy as well as business support providing association that delivers essential advocacy to the large organization in local business community. Along with this, the target market of TCC is the local business community that grows within and outside of the country like Barker signs, Action Metal Recyclers, Climate Assist Png, and so on (Farahmand, 2011). Moreover, TCC makes out its potential customers for instance Allied Liquid Waste, Aba Pty Ltd, et cetera in order to amplify membership in an effective and a significant manner. In addition, TCC segments its target market demographically. Customer Analysis: From the viewpoint of advocacy service, TCC satisfies the needs and requirements of customers in a proper way. TCC offers wide range of facility to its customers together with current advanced constitution. Along with this, TCC adopts and implements rapidly changing constitution rules as well as regulations of Australia in ord er to take care of customers in an appropriate way (Kim and McAlister, 2011). On the other hand, in this demographical segmentation, TCC mainly focuses on local business communities mainly. TCC behaves friendly to fulfill the needs of customers in an appropriate way. TCC is also use both demographic and behavourial segmentation to target their customers. For case, as per the demographic, it targets the customers on the basis of ethnicity. For example, it targeted the customer within the regional city in Australia. On the other hand, based on behavourial segment, it also target its customer based on Benefits Sought and Loyalty Status. Moreover, TCC also develops trust in order to establish a strong relationship with the customers. The board member of TCC provides solutions to customer in order to improve growth rate of business within business community. Competitor Analysis: The TCC develops a network that offers alternatives of business to connect with large and diverse group of local as well as regional companies in order to promote its products and services in the nation. Moreover, no other organization is providing these types of service within nations (Leonidou, and Leonidou, 2011). For that reason, it can be said that, TCC does not have any competitors in todays more complex and competitive business era. Stakeholders Analysis: The most important stakeholders of TCC are the Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce Industry, Toowoomba Surat Basin Enterprise, Heritage Bank, Mrs Taisoo Kim Watson, University of Southern Queensland, Football Toowoomba Inc, and so on. Along with this, the stakeholders of TCC play a key role in order to develop the network and to make important contribution to the business. For case, University of Southern Queensland plays a major role in order to develop program in different cities (Park, and Rim, 2012). Moreover, Toowoomba Surat Basin Enterprise plays a significant role in order to provide information about development of economy to the customers. In addition to this, Mrs Taisoo Kim Watson also plays a crucial role in the operational process of TCC. Also, Mrs Taisoo Kim Watson connects with the government council board and also infers the service that is helpful in order to enlarge income delegation in a more comprehensive way. Conclusion and Recommendations Conclusion: On the basis of the above market audit report, it has been acknowledged that because of new member of advocacy board, TCC is not capable to offer council with important information in order to improve performance of local business community of Toowoomba. Moreover, it is also observed that TCC is unable to meet the demands on the subject of statutory obligations in order to ensure ethical business activities. Along with this, TCC is also unable to carry out the statutory requirements to its customers. The organization is incapable to make corrections in its planning scheme policy. Also, as a result of changes in the government policy, Toowoomba TCC is powerless to assist its customers in an effective and a significant manner. Recommendations: TCC should prepare a plan as well as design specific group in order to support the business framework in an appropriate way. Moreover, TCC should take on council officers within its chamber of commerce. On the other hand, TCC should follow the rules and guidelines of statutory guideline in order to make right plan and improve local business community planning effectively. This will be helpful for the firm in order to make the slight amendments in the policies of the TCC (Smith and Speed, 2011). Along with this, TCC should adopt standards in order to reduce the problem of amend planning scheme policy in a proper way. References Aaker, D. (2010). Strategic Market Management: Global Perspectives. 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Bates, T. (2009). Analysis of Survival Rates among Franchise and Independent Small Business Startups, Journal of Small Business Management 33(2), pp. 2636. Brei, V., Vieira, V. and Matos, C. (2014). Meta-Analysis in Marketing. REMark, 13(02), pp.84-97. Cant, M. (2009). Marketing Management. 3rd ed. New York: Free Press. Chernev, A. (2010). Strategic marketing management. 7th ed. Bedford, London: Thomson Learning. Choudrie, J. Middleton, C. (2013). Management of Broadband Technology and Innovation: Policy, Deployment, and Use. UK: Routledge. Farahmand, N. F. ((2011). Organizational marketing planning by management educated managers, African Journal of Marketing Management 3(8), pp. 178-187 Kim, M. and McAlister, L. M. (2011). Stock Market Reaction to Unexpected Growth in Marketing Expenditure: Negative for Sales Force, Contingent on Spending Level for Advertising. Journal of Marketing, 75:4, pp. 68-85 Krstic, B. and Popovic, A. (2012). Analysis of Interbrand, BrandZ and BAV brand valuation methodologies. Marketing, 42(4), pp.237-256. Leonidou, C. and Leonidou, L. (2011). Research into environmental marketing/management: a bibliographic analysis. European Journal of Marketing, 45(1/2), pp.68-103. Loudon, D. (2011). Marketing Management: Text and Cases, 6th ed. London: Prentice Hall. Malhotra, N. K. (2011). Review of Marketing Research: Special Issue - Marketing Legends - Page 107, 1st ed. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing. Mullins, J. (2009). Marketing Management: A Strategic Decision-Marketing Approach. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Nwankwo, S. and Gbadamosi, T. (2011). Entrepreneurship Marketing: Principles and Practice of Sme Marketing, 4th ed. New York: Business Expert Press. Paley, N. (2009). The manager's guide to competitive marketing strategies. 4th ed. London, Washington: Sage Publications. Palmer, A. (2012). Introduction to Marketing: Theory and Practice - Page 501, 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press Park, Y. and Rim, M. (2012). Factors Analysis Affecting Success of RFID Implementation. The Journal of Korea Information and Communications Society, 37(2C), pp.157-167. Smith, G. and Speed, R. (2011). Cultural branding and political marketing: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Marketing Management, 27(13-14), pp.1304-1321. Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce (2016). Corporate Goals Functions. Retrieved from: [Accessed On: 20th August 2016) Toowoomba Chamber of Commerce. (2016). About Us. Available At: [Accessed On: 20th August 2016)

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Adam & Eve Essays - Adam And Eve, Bereshit, Book Of Genesis

Adam & Eve Why does God allow humans to be put through numerous tests during a lifespan? The first human beings, Adam and Eve were put to a cruel test. When Yaweh God created the world, he told Adam and Eve that they were allowed to eat from any tree they wished. However, the only loop- hole was that they were not allowed to eat from the tree of knowledge and the tree of life. Yaweh God was extremely malicious, in that he placed these trees in the middle of Eden. (Genesis 2:9) If God were omniscient, why would he need to place the tree in the middle paradise? Is it plausible that Yaweh God wanted Adam and Eve to eat the fruit to gain knowledge? Or did he place the trees in the middle of paradise as only a test? Before eating the forbidden fruit of knowledge, Adam and Eve were as innocent as babies. Nevertheless, soon after eating from the tree of knowledge, they noticed their nakedness and clothed themselves shamefully. (Genesis 3: 6-7) This strikingly relates to humans as babies who are so na?ve that they do not know of their nakedness. Yet when they mature, and gain the knowledge through their parents and their peers, they become shameful of their nakedness. In essence, children lose their innocence following the acquisition of knowledge. Knowledge is a powerful tool. Without it, we would be roaming this earth as babies unknowing the difference between right and wrong. In Jewish belief, Yaweh God is said to be semi omnipotent, semi omniscient, and semi omnipresent. Even so, is it plausible that Yaweh God believed that Adam and Eve would pass his test and not eat the forbidden fruit? This concept is highly controversial. In Genesis Chapter 1, verse 26, God exclaims ?Let us make man in our own image, in the likeness of ourselves.? Likewise in Chapter 3 verse 5 the serpent proclaims, ?That your eyes will be opened and you will be like gods, knowing good from evil.? Through Adam and Eve, humans can be godlike due to the knowledge obtained in the course of eating the forbidden fruit. Though we as humans may not be the strongest species, we rule this world through our intelligence. Our intellect allows us to govern this planet through our wisdom and inventiveness. When Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, this allowed humans to be more like gods. By placing the fruit in the middle of the garden, Yaweh God illustrated his hidden innuendo, of wanting humans to be knowledgeable. This in turn would allow humans to be godlike. Questions are often asked of why did God needed to place the fruit in the Garden of Eden. To answer this question, it is quite simple; Yaweh God wanted humans to be more like him. Yaweh God was harsh in placing the forbidden trees in the middle of the Garden and saying not to eat of the fruit. (Genesis 2: 9) This is similar to telling a young boy not to eat the cupcake on the table. However, as soon as an hour passes, it is almost certain that the cupcake will be gone. Although it is not stated in the Genesis, Yaweh God wanted Adam and Eve to eat the forbidden fruit, so humans would be able to make their own decisions between right and wrong. Bibliography None Religion Essays

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Family Photograph Appreciation - Richard Chlafen essays

Family Photograph Appreciation - Richard Chlafen essays In the article, Family Photograph Appreciation, Richard Chalfen discusses a teenage view of the relation between family snapshots and home videos. He first explains the value of personal photos using an example of natural or humanly coerced disasters and the mourning of visual traces of the past, or in other words, photographs. Family photographs are a very important aspect of peoples lives and without them we may never remember our past. By looking at snapshots, slides, home movies, etc, we stimulate our memory of important dates and events. He asks many questions about memory and video verses photography which will be discussed with teens he has interviewed. Chalfen has structured an exploratory project that asked a small sample of thirty teenagers, living in the Cambridge/Boston areas of Massachusetts to evaluate the relative merits of using still photography and/or videography as a preferred medium of family photography. (Richard Chalfen) He conducted the interviews with two teens at a time while having a meal in a small restaurant. He was interested in their opinions on comparing photography and videography, which came out to be very interesting. The teens explained to him about the effects of video tapes and how they were a way of being there all over again. Some of them felt it was more realistic than flipping through a picture album. Here we will introduce a few more of the theories made by teens during their interviews. Videotapes seem to supply the viewer with more information and makes it easy to remember. You get sound and movement to enhance the overall effect which brings you to see the whole experience. In many interviews the teens did not feel that videos were the best way to go. By looking at photographs it set off a whole lot of memories, not just what happened play by play like a home video. By looking at photographs you can use your imagina...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Growth and Development of Entrepreneural Ventures Essay

Growth and Development of Entrepreneural Ventures - Essay Example Adherence to codes of ethics makes business organizations carry out proper social responsibility programs through which they communicate and show their commitment to the welfare of its workers, other stakeholders and the outside community. Most businesses that do not have codes of ethics often find themselves in various breaches of the law, forcing them to engage in various legal suits. Creditors sometimes sue the business for failing to abide by the terms and conditions of sale agreements; additionally, workers sometimes have various issues concerning contractual agreements and remuneration (Battelle, 2005). Ethical issues have special legal provisions to ensure that business organizations that do not live by the law are punishable according to the laid down legal structures. This paper examines ethical practices and conduct of Google, one of the many successful companies that offer clients the ability to search and carry out various social and economic activities on the internet. It focuses on the various work practices that have elicited ethical concerns not only in the company but also from its clients worldwide. It also examines the effects of these ethical concerns and how they can impact on the company’ operations in the future, giving some possible alternatives the company can embrace in the process of restoring customer confidence in its products and services (David, 2011). The report delves into the discussion of Google Inc., a multinational American corporation that specializes in offering internet-related products and services. These products include search engines, cloud computing services, online advertisements and various types of software. Most of the products that the company specializes in originated from ad Words (James, 2014). Since the company was incorporated, it has enjoyed consistent growth, managing to become one of the greatest companies in the world that offers internet and related services. The persistent growth has seen the company manage to establish a chain of products  and services to take advantage of the ever-increasing internet needs by people worldwide, which are now turning to the internet as the sources of economic livelihood.